The back is a complex arrangement of bone, ligaments, tendons, and muscles that work together to allow upright movement and provide support. The muscles play an especially important role in maintaining posture and allowing spinal movement. Unfortunately, imbalance or injury in these muscles can lead to back pain. Below is a brief introduction to the major muscle groups of the back and how they are related to some of the most common causes of back pain.
Muscles of the Back
The muscles supporting the spine are generally organized into three main groups: The flexors, the extensors, and the oblique muscles. The flexor muscles of the back include the abdominal muscles and allow the spine to bend forward and arch up. These muscles also help to lift objects. The extensors, on the other hand, are attached to the back of the spine and allow you to stand erect. The oblique muscles are attached to either side of the spine and allow for twisting movements. This muscle group also plays an important role in maintaining good posture.
Back Muscles and Chronic Pain
If these important muscle groups become weak, injured, or imbalanced, excess stress may be placed on the joints in the spine, resulting in episodes of back pain. Injury or inflammation in the facet joints or other spinal structures can also lead to painful muscle spasms and a decrease in flexibility. Any chronic back pain can discourage movement and use of the back muscles, promoting weakness and imbalance over time. Exercising the muscles regularly and maintaining proper posture will help promote spinal health.
The team at SpineOne is proud to provide advanced, specialized care for patients seeking relief from back pain and other conditions affecting the spine. If you are suffering from chronic pain, do not hesitate to call our Denver-area practice at (888) 721-0459. Our expert physicians will help you to determine the most effective non-surgical treatment option for your needs.